What does it mean “Level of knowledge a foreign language”? Perhaps, many people some day had studied or just wanted to study a foreign language asked themselves this question. That’s a lot of famous schools and centers of studying a language use in their activity this system, but as well a lot of employers ask to indicate the level of knowledge a foreign language.
There are 6 levels of knowing a language: A1, A2, B1,B2, C1and C2. What does they mean?
Sea battle on the little camp? Not exactly. There are so named levels CEFR( Common European Framework of References) which establish the common standard, that’s used to estimate the level of knowledge in all the world.
To the basis of this system was the inventions of the Association of Languages Testers in Europe (ALTE) which was founded in 1989 in Cambridge University and Salamanca University.
Now let’s see more details about each level for to be more clear how to apply them in your knowledge.
The scale consist of 3 big categories A,B,C as well they are named:
Basic user (you begin to speak in a foreign language)
Independent user (you begin to understand every idea)
Proficient user (you are closed to the native speakers)
Each of this levels are divided into 2 which are noticed with the figures- A1, A2, B1, B2, C1 and C2 so to sum up they are 6 levels.
CEFR used so named action-oriented approach. In other words to estimate the level is used not the knowledge of words or some specific grammar structure, but what “the person who studied a language can do with it.” He didn’t studied present perfect and 50 words from the theme Hobby, but “he can understand the main idea in communication of the known themes- work, family, leisure.”
|Basic user||А1||I can understand and speak very simple phases. I can explain myself in the airport, hotel, café, shop. I can read and translate very simple texts, can write simple letters. I can understand slow and clear reading.|
|А2||I can tell about myself, my family, my job, my interests (in music, cuisine, hobby, seasons). I can understand the advertisings, announcements in the airport, shops, instructions of the products, post cards, I know how to write personal and business letters. I can read and retail simple texts.|
|Independent user||В1||I can understand the main idea of the news in a lot of radio and TV programs. I can express my opinion, justify my point of view, write personal and business letters of medium complexity. I can read tailored books in a foreign language.|
|В2||I have a fluent speech, I understand specific texts from professional to habitual, I can communicate with the native speakers. I can almost explain myself across a broad range of issues, arguing the answers. I can read original texts.|
|Proficient user||С1||ПI can understand volume and complicated texts on different themes, I can recognize underneath meaning. I can speak fast and spontaneous. I can use supply and effectively the language in the professional and scientific activity. I can understand a lot of movies, TV programs and speeches and so on.|
|С2||I can understand all oral and written speech, I can do adjacent texts using some oral and written sources. I can speak fluently and fast with a high level accuracy, emphasize the shade of meaning even in most complex situations.|
This system of levels can answer you to the question “ How much time it will take me to study the foreign language?” First of all you should know which is you level of knowing the foreign language at the moment which are your objectives : easy traveling, have a good job, study abroad or migration.
All concerns in a simple figures: each level consist of standard academic hours judging by time it is around 3-5 months and it depends of a studying language. The important factor is the motivation of the student, regular attendance, do the homework and a lot of other factors.
By the end, from the Level A1 to the level C2, about which we talk earlier you could hear from your acquaintance teachers or teacher of foreign language that these levels of knowing a language from CEFR(Common European Framework of References). This scale means not the used words or some specific grammar structure, but what the person who studied a language can do with it. That is why this scale of CERF is universal it’s refers to all languages.
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